Family: Herbal medicine of the Boraginaceae family Scientific name: Borago officinalis Other names: Star flower oil, bee bread, tailwort, common bugloss, echiun amoenum. Borage seed oil is made from the seeds of the borage plants. Borage is an annual herb native to the Mediterranean region but grown in other countries, including the UK. You can buy it over the counter from pharmacies and health food shops in the form of capsules or bottled oil.
Your body converts it into hormone-like substances called prostaglandins, which regulate your immune system and fight joint inflammation. GLA might also suppress inflammatory responses by directly acting on some inflammatory cells. Other oils generally used in normal diet like sunflower oil only contain LA.
Borage seed oil is the richest source of pure GLA. It also contains tannic, oleic and palmetic acid. EPO is rich in polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acids that help control pain and inflammation. Learn its uses and side-effects when treating rheumatoid arthritis. It also contains small amounts of some liver toxins, but you can get preparations that are free of these toxins. No trials have been done to find out the best dosage for arthritis-related conditions. Early studies have found that high doses of GLA more than 1 g a day are needed to partly ease symptoms.
Two RCTs evaluated the effect of borage seed oil in treating rheumatoid arthritis. All participants were asked to continue with their usual treatment plan during the trial period. The number of participants withdrawing from the studies, due to treatment ineffectiveness or side-effects, was small. Reported side-effects were minor and included belching, diarrhoea and flatulence. In the first trial, 37 people with rheumatoid arthritis were randomly assigned to receive either borage seed oil containing 1.
Compared to the placebo group, who showed no improvement during the trial, participants who received borage seed oil showed an improvement in:.
In the second RCT, 56 participants with rheumatoid arthritis were randomly assigned to take either a daily dose of borage seed capsules containing 2. It causes joint pain and inflammation.Loved by bees this plant is both a weed and one we want. Or sow the seeds in individual pots and transplant them as soon as large enough and hardened off. It self sows once established and growing wild has adapted to life all over New Zealand originating from central and southern Europe. Borage is distinguished by large oval or egg-shaped rough, thick, hairy leaves with sap smelling and tasting like cucumber.
The leaves are up to 30cm long by 20cm wide on the plant which stands cm tall. The stems are hairy and bristly too.What is 56 inches in cm
Borage likes full sun in well drained soil and is a good companion plant to bring the pollinating bees. Traditionally borage was used to relieve anxiety and stress and for lifting the spirits — you just have to look at the flowers for that!
It is also used to reduce high fevers taken hot because of its diaphoretic or sweat inducing properties, making it a good remedy for colds, flu and infected lungs.
The leaves and flowers are rich in potassium and calcium making it a good tonic and blood purifier. Because of its rich mineral salts it is handy for use in a salt free diet. Borage ice cubes, coconut yoghurt with borage and borage flowers in a salad. Topping off the great benefits, this plant contains GLA gamma linoleic acidmore valuable than evening primrose oil, a good reason to include flowers and leaves in your diet.
What a great all round plant to value in our gardens! Read below or add a comment You are right, borage is a beautiful plant but you do have to get close to see how gorgeous the flowers are. What a great idea to put them in the yoghurt to get the cucumber taste. I love Indian spiced lentils and now I can still have my flavoured yoghurt to go with it, you are a genius my friend. About your question in the last post about bitter cress, I have not found it. But I did get your point about winter cress, I am putting less in and I am pleased to report that the smoothies are getting better and better, to taste that is.National Gardening Week.
Budding Young Gardener. Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you a new password. Sow direct where they are to grow. Grow in Sun or semi-shade. Continuous harvest promotes new growth.
Protect plants from snails and slugs. Borage is an ideal companion plant that attracts friendly insects to the garden. Use flowers as a garnish or to add colour to Summer drinks. Avoid eating borage leaves. An award winning hybrid, Big Beef produces large, juicy tomatoes with old-fashioned beefsteak flavour. Long fruiting season, heavy yields and superior disease resistance. A colourful blend of pollen and nectar flowers to provide forage for honey bees, bumblebees, and other pollinators.
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Forgot password? Back to login.Borage is an annual herb with beautiful star shaped blue or white edible flowers. We used to put them in ice cubes when we were kids and they made a glass of lemonade all the more enjoyable as the cubes melted and released their perfect treasures.
Borage has coarse hairy leaves that are used to make a herb tea. Borage grows to around knee height. This is a very successful self-seeding plant and it will undoubtedly make itself at home in your garden once you have planted it!
The good news for those wanting to keep it under control is that the young seedlings are easy to pull up wherever they are not wanted. Borage likes a dry, free-draining soil without too much organic material in it. If your soil is sticky then dig in coarse sand or fine pumice to help improve drainage — or plant in a half-barrel or large pot.
In early spring, sow seeds a finger-tip deep in trays or punnets filled with seed compost or directly into the garden or proposed container. Water young seedlings in dry periods.
Pick young leaves to liven up a salad with their fresh cucumber taste or steep in boiling water for a cup of tea. Flowers can also be eaten in salads as well as frozen in ice cubes for fun and decoration. Borage Borago officinalis, Bee plant, Star flower. Companions Tomatoes, strawberries, squash. Quantity 1 plant per person. Buy Borage seeds Click through to view options. Getting started When Sow or plant in early spring and summer countrywide.
Where Borage grows well in full sun as well as partial shade. Soil Borage likes a dry, free-draining soil without too much organic material in it. Bindweed Onion Weed oxalis.Borage is often mentioned in organic gardening circles. It is considered by many to be a wonderful plant, which can find pride of place in many gardens. But what exactly is so great about this plant? What is borage? What are the reasons to grow it in your garden? And how exactly should you use it in your garden and once it is harvested?
Read on to find out. This is an annual flowering plant.Growing borage: A useful self-sowing flowering herb for any garden.
It flowers from around June right through to October in most temperate climates, and grows to around two feet in height at a medium rate. Borage is native to the Mediterranean region and has naturalized elsewhere. It grows very well in gardens across Europe and is also common in kitchen gardens across North America. The plant is hairy all over its stems and leaves.
15 Reasons To Grow Borage + Ways To Use It
The flowers are star-like, with five, narrow, triangular-pointed petals. These beautiful flowers are generally blue, though pink flowers are occasionally also observed, and there are also white-flowered cultivars. It can cope with almost all soil types, including soils low in nutritional content. The plant can also cope with a range of soil pH levels, even very alkaline soils.
It can survive with very free-draining soils and is relatively drought tolerant. And can be grown in full sun, or light or dappled shade. Borage is best grown from seed. Sow seeds under cover and plant them out once weather has begun to warm, or direct sow seeds where they are to grow after the last frost date in your area. There are a great many reasons why you should consider growing borage in your garden.
It is useful both while it is in growth, and as a crop for harvesting. You can eat the leaves, raw or cooked, and the flowers, raw, as a garnish or in drinks.
Growing Borage: A Complete Guide on How to Plant, Grow, & Harvest Borage
The dried stems can also be used for flavouring, and the seeds yield an oil that is particularly high in gamma-linolenic acid.
Not only does it taste great, it is also a common ingredient in herbal medicine, and can be great for your health. A couple of caveats to mention, however: people with liver problems would be best to avoid eating these plants.
And no one should make borage a major part of their diet, as it does contain small quantities of pyrrolizidine alkaloids in tiny quantities. That said, you will generally find that borage is a useful addition to your home-grown diet. Blooming over a long portion of the year, borage can bring a cheery splash of blue to your garden. Its delicate flowers stand out against a sea of green, and can add to the visual amenity of your space. One of the interesting things about borage is that, even though it is an annual, it will generally, once planted, remain in your garden for years.
So once you have planted some in your garden, you should find that it seeds itself and pops up all around your growing areas year after year. While self-seeding plants are not always ideal for very neat and tidy gardeners, borage is such a useful plant that gardeners are often happy to let it naturalize around their gardens. It is worthwhile remembering that self-seeding annuals and a good mixture of perennial plants are ideal for a low-maintenance garden.
So borage can be a great choice for those with limited time, who want to create a garden where there is less to do each year. Borage has the ability to dynamically gather nutrients from the soil.I first started growing borage because I wanted it for my bees. It tastes delicious, with a delicate cucumber flavor. You can add the lovely little blue flowers to salads, or frozen in ice cubes for a colorful addition to fruit punch. Both the flowers and leaves contain high levels of calcium, potassium, and mineral salts vital to a healthy body.
Borage has a storied past. Allegedly, it was given to the Crusaders and Knights Templar to encourage bravery as they departed to foreign lands. In ancient Rome, Pliny the Elder used it as an anti-depressant. Plant borage in full sun with partial shade. To get the most blooms and sturdy stalks, provide more sun than shade. Plant in early spring after the last frost. In cold climates, plant in a greenhouse or indoors four weeks before the last frost and transplant when temps increase.
Any cooler and you may want to provide a cloche or similar protection. That said, if you want to keep it under control, consider growing borage in pots. Plants prefer dry, clean terracotta pots with light soil. The beauty of having it in containers is you can move them around the garden to attract bees to where you want them to go. Dig in well-rotted organic matter into the soil before planting. Soil should be firm but not compacted. Thin out to one plant every 15 inches once they are 2 inches tall.
Individual plants and rows should be 15 inches apart. Borage can suffer from mildew if too close.Anamnesis meaning in homoeopathy
Plant borage in soil that has plenty of well-rotted organic matter. Feed in spring with an all-purpose liquid fertilizer. Deadhead if you want to keep the blooms coming and prevent self-seeding. Like many herbs, borage needs a reasonable amount of water. Avoid overwatering. Wooly bear caterpillars are not fussy and eat most low lying foliage. Use neem oil regularly to make plants undesirable. The larva of this pest causes more issues than the butterfly. Use a natural insecticide or sticky traps to control them.
There are numerous types of flea beetles, but they all eat the leaves of borage, leaving little pits or holes. Remove all fallen debris in the fall to try and interfere with over-wintering. You could use a pesticide that contains sulphur or in the case of a bad infestation use Carbaryl.
Mildew can affect your borage. The best way to avoid it is to plant with decent spacing between them to allow airflow. Try to water towards the base of the plant rather than on top of the foliage. Borage attracts small wasps and bees, which are the natural predators for tomato worms and cabbage worms.A popular culinary herb in the Middle Ages, it is now grown mostly for its bright blue, edible flowers that have a cucumber like flavour and as an excellent bee plant.
Young leaves can be chopped and added to summer salads, or cooked like spinach. The flowers may be used as a garnish or floated in summer drinks. Borage contains a substance called gamma linolenic acid GLA that studies have shown can kill some cancer cells and inhibit the growth of malignant tumours by restricting blood vessel growth.
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